The enduring popularity of the Mid-Century Modern style is based on many factors. It gave us clean lines, gentle organic curves, a love for different materials and designers that are idolized even today.
While there is some disagreement about when the period started, it roughly lasted from the mid-1930s to mid-1960s. The timeless quality of the style, however, continues to appeal to today's homeowners.
So what makes “mid-century modern” modern in layman’s terms? Clean lines, simple shapes, and an embrace of new materials, including plastic, which was starting to gain traction for its own beneficial attributes. MCM was anti-ornamentation for the sake of ornamentation—there’s nothing super formal or frilly about it. And yet, authentic pieces are truly beautiful in their simplicity and the way they showcase and acknowledge their raw materials (rather than making them seem as if they are something else).
Background and Influences
This style grew in America based on earlier styles such as Bauhaus which began in Germany, and the International style, which grew from the Bauhaus style in America.
Cataclysmic world events such as wars uproot and destroy, but they can also create opportunities sometimes. This is what happened during and after the World War II when many Bauhaus architects and designers migrated to America as a result of changes in Germany.
As with war, changing economies and technological advances also affect how we live, and what we want and need. Technological advances led to production and development of a range of new materials making it possible to explore new textures and effects, colors and even new form.
The distinguishing features of this style consist of a classic, understated look, and clean lines with minimal fuss.
· Functionality is important, as form follows function
· Uncluttered and sleek lines with both organic and geometric forms
· Minimal ornamentation
· An exploration of different traditional as well as non-traditional materials
· The juxtaposition of different, and sometimes contrasting materials
Color and Materials
New methods of construction and new materials such as plastic, dramatically influenced later Mid-Century Modern designers. Plastic was used for its own qualities rather than to imitate wooden furniture.
There was liberal use of traditional material, such as wood, and non-traditional materials such as metal, glass, vinyl, plywood, Plexiglass and Lucite
A vast range of color, including colors from neutral to bold, and graphic use of black and white.
Mid-Century Modern Designers
There are several Mid-century Modern designers of note, and pieces designed by them have continued to inspire designers who came after them. Furniture pieces inspired by their designs, as well as copies are greatly sought after.
In America, Herman Miller became synonymous with “modern” furniture and worked with the likes of George Nelson and Charles and Ray Eames. Knoll is another company known for its classic furniture mid-century modern pieces.
How to Furnish in Mid-Century Modern Style
As with any period, do not feel a compulsion to create a replica of those times. You can, if you feel compelled, but a lot of homeowners just starting out feel intimidated when tackling a style they love. It can also prove to be very expensive to get authentic pieces, even though many are still being made or have been revived due to demand.
Understand the distinguishing features of the style, and find pieces that echo that. Iconic pieces from this era have been adapted and copied endlessly, and chances are that you might be able to find pieces that fit your lifestyle needs and budget, even if you don't want to spend a fortune on furniture.
Buying vintage furniture is one way to do it, and even if you decide to buy new, generally one large piece can set the tone nicely. Build around it. It does not have to be a set, but avoid too many patterns and stay within a colour range, especially for wood.
To further explore the style, visit Spazio in Kalyani Nagar, Pune to have a better understanding of what defines Mid-Century modern furniture. Spazio is at the pinnacle of curating the best in Luxury furniture in South East Asia.